, In 1952, Stanley Smith Master, using the pen name Edrich Siebert, wrote "The Marrow Song (Oh what a beauty!)" pepo. What does WINTER SQUASH mean? Chayote (Sechium edule), also known as mirliton, choko, tayota, chouchou (Jamaica), and chuchu (Brazil), is an edible plant belonging to the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. Pro tip: Be sure to scrape up the crunchy rice that sticks to the bottom of the pan—also known as socarrat—it’s delicious! Seeds planted deeper than 12.5 centimeters (4.9 in) are not likely to germinate. , Archaeological investigations have found evidence of domestication of Cucurbita going back over 8,000 years from the very southern parts of Canada down to Argentina and Chile. The leaves of all four of these species may or may not have white spots. , As an example of Cucurbita, raw summer squash is 94% water, 3% carbohydrates, and 1% protein, with negligible fat content (table). Squash plants can be planted from seed or transplants.  Ethylene promotes the production of female flowers. , Within C. pepo, the pumpkins, the scallops, and possibly the crooknecks are ancient and were domesticated at different times and places. A type of stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids. Wipe the skillet clean and return to medium-high heat with 1 tbsp vegetable oil. Poisonous to mammals, it is found in quantities sufficient to discourage herbivores. Some varieties have spiny fruits. Chayotes, on the other hand, grow extensively in Australia, with many suburban backyards featuring chayote vines growing along their fence lines and outhouses. Cucurbits are susceptible to diseases such as bacterial wilt (Erwinia tracheiphila), anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.  It was probably bred for its seeds, which are large and high in oil and protein, but its flesh is of poorer quality than that of C. moschata and C. pepo. It is grown in a wide altitudinal range: from sea level to as high as 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) in dry areas, usually with the use of irrigation, or in areas with a defined rainy season, where seeds are sown in May and June. He suggested that the crookneck, ornamental gourd, and scallop are early variants and that the acorn is a cross between the scallop and the pumpkin. The common American-English name of the fruit (outside of Louisiana) is from the Spanish word chayote, a derivative of the Nahuatl word chayohtli (pronounced [t͡ʃaˈjoʔt͡ɬi]). , The earliest known evidence of the domestication of Cucurbita dates back at least 8,000 years ago, predating the domestication of other crops such as maize and beans in the region by about 4,000 years.  Genetic studies of the mitochondrial gene nad1 show there were at least six independent domestication events of Cucurbita separating domestic species from their wild ancestors. Top each tortilla with charred corn and summer squash, then fold in half. The very well preserved skin and flesh can be seen in the mummies today. In Taiwan and southern mainland China, chayotes are widely planted for their shoots, known as lóngxūcài (simplified Chinese: 龙须菜; traditional Chinese: 龍鬚菜; lit. As part of a nutritious, seasonal dinner, try cutting up and grilling fresh peppers, sweet onions, zucchini, yellow squash, eggplant, and more. All of the above-ground parts may be hairy with various types of trichomes, which are often hardened and sharp.  Cucurbita plants grown in the spring tend to grow larger than those grown in the autumn. , In Korea, chayote is known as "차요테" and is commonly used as a side dish in either pickled or marinated form. Many translated example sentences containing "squash vegetable" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. Also during this period, the plant spread from Mesoamerica to other parts of the Americas, ultimately causing it to be integrated into the cuisine of many other Latin American nations.  The female flowers of C. argyrosperma and C. ficifolia have larger corollas than the male flowers. The tuberous part of the root is starchy and eaten like a yam (can be fried). , Though native to the western hemisphere, Cucurbita began to spread to other parts of the world after Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492. In Brazil (locally called chuchu) and other Latin American countries, it is breaded and fried, or used cooked in salads, soups, stews and soufflés. The fruits of the genus Cucurbita are good sources of nutrients, such as vitamin A and vitamin C, among other nutrients according to species. ", "Smiles, Pumpkins Abound as Keene Breaks Jack-o'-lantern Record", "IncrEdible! Space mounds about 3 to 4 feet apart.  "The Great Pumpkin" is a fictional holiday figure in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. In Italy, zucchini and larger squashes are served in a variety of regional dishes, such as cocuzze alla puviredda cooked with olive oil, salt and herbs from Apulia; as torta di zucca from Liguria, or torta di zucca e riso from Emilia-Romagna, the squashes being made into a pie filling with butter, ricotta, parmesan, egg, and milk; and as a sauce for pasta in dishes like spaghetti alle zucchine from Sicily. The plant was first recorded by modern botanists in P. Browne's 1756 work, the Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. Kew Gardens to Unveil Towering Pyramid of Pumpkins in London", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cucurbita&oldid=992881015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Crowd Watches as Pumpkin Dropped on Old Car ... 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