spanish squash plant

[132], In 1952, Stanley Smith Master, using the pen name Edrich Siebert, wrote "The Marrow Song (Oh what a beauty!)" pepo. What does WINTER SQUASH mean? Chayote[1] (Sechium edule), also known as mirliton, choko, tayota, chouchou (Jamaica), and chuchu (Brazil), is an edible plant belonging to the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. Pro tip: Be sure to scrape up the crunchy rice that sticks to the bottom of the pan—also known as socarrat—it’s delicious! Seeds planted deeper than 12.5 centimeters (4.9 in) are not likely to germinate. [51], Archaeological investigations have found evidence of domestication of Cucurbita going back over 8,000 years from the very southern parts of Canada down to Argentina and Chile. The leaves of all four of these species may or may not have white spots. [89], As an example of Cucurbita, raw summer squash is 94% water, 3% carbohydrates, and 1% protein, with negligible fat content (table). Squash plants can be planted from seed or transplants. [41] Ethylene promotes the production of female flowers. [9], Within C. pepo, the pumpkins, the scallops, and possibly the crooknecks are ancient and were domesticated at different times and places. A type of stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids. Wipe the skillet clean and return to medium-high heat with 1 tbsp vegetable oil. Poisonous to mammals,[101] it is found in quantities sufficient to discourage herbivores. Some varieties have spiny fruits. Chayotes, on the other hand, grow extensively in Australia, with many suburban backyards featuring chayote vines growing along their fence lines and outhouses. [108]Cucurbits are susceptible to diseases such as bacterial wilt (Erwinia tracheiphila), anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp. [9] It was probably bred for its seeds, which are large and high in oil and protein, but its flesh is of poorer quality than that of C. moschata and C. pepo. It is grown in a wide altitudinal range: from sea level to as high as 1,800 meters (5,900 ft) in dry areas, usually with the use of irrigation, or in areas with a defined rainy season, where seeds are sown in May and June. He suggested that the crookneck, ornamental gourd, and scallop are early variants and that the acorn is a cross between the scallop and the pumpkin. The common American-English name of the fruit (outside of Louisiana) is from the Spanish word chayote, a derivative of the Nahuatl word chayohtli (pronounced [t͡ʃaˈjoʔt͡ɬi]). [74], The earliest known evidence of the domestication of Cucurbita dates back at least 8,000 years ago, predating the domestication of other crops such as maize and beans in the region by about 4,000 years. [6] Genetic studies of the mitochondrial gene nad1 show there were at least six independent domestication events of Cucurbita separating domestic species from their wild ancestors. Top each tortilla with charred corn and summer squash, then fold in half. The very well preserved skin and flesh can be seen in the mummies today. In Taiwan and southern mainland China, chayotes are widely planted for their shoots, known as lóngxūcài (simplified Chinese: 龙须菜; traditional Chinese: 龍鬚菜; lit. As part of a nutritious, seasonal dinner, try cutting up and grilling fresh peppers, sweet onions, zucchini, yellow squash, eggplant, and more. All of the above-ground parts may be hairy with various types of trichomes, which are often hardened and sharp. [50] Cucurbita plants grown in the spring tend to grow larger than those grown in the autumn. [8], In Korea, chayote is known as "차요테" and is commonly used as a side dish in either pickled or marinated form. Many translated example sentences containing "squash vegetable" – Spanish-English dictionary and search engine for Spanish translations. Also during this period, the plant spread from Mesoamerica to other parts of the Americas, ultimately causing it to be integrated into the cuisine of many other Latin American nations. [9][12] The female flowers of C. argyrosperma and C. ficifolia have larger corollas than the male flowers. The tuberous part of the root is starchy and eaten like a yam (can be fried). [126][128], Though native to the western hemisphere, Cucurbita began to spread to other parts of the world after Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492. In Brazil (locally called chuchu) and other Latin American countries, it is breaded and fried, or used cooked in salads, soups, stews and soufflés. The fruits of the genus Cucurbita are good sources of nutrients, such as vitamin A and vitamin C, among other nutrients according to species. ", "Smiles, Pumpkins Abound as Keene Breaks Jack-o'-lantern Record", "IncrEdible! Space mounds about 3 to 4 feet apart. [136] "The Great Pumpkin" is a fictional holiday figure in the comic strip Peanuts by Charles M. In Italy, zucchini and larger squashes are served in a variety of regional dishes, such as cocuzze alla puviredda cooked with olive oil, salt and herbs from Apulia; as torta di zucca from Liguria, or torta di zucca e riso from Emilia-Romagna, the squashes being made into a pie filling with butter, ricotta, parmesan, egg, and milk; and as a sauce for pasta in dishes like spaghetti alle zucchine from Sicily. The plant was first recorded by modern botanists in P. Browne's 1756 work, the Civil and Natural History of Jamaica. Kew Gardens to Unveil Towering Pyramid of Pumpkins in London", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cucurbita&oldid=992881015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Crowd Watches as Pumpkin Dropped on Old Car ... All for a Gourd Cause", "Caligny: le Village de l'Orne où le Potiron est Roi", "Fête de la Citrouille et des Cucurbitacées de Saint Laurent", "Tra Meno un Mese Torna la Fiera Regionale della Zucca di Piozzo, ecco il Programma Ufficiale della 21esima Edizione", "Fiesta de la Calabaza en Gavirate (Varese)", "Festival del Zapallo y de la Trucha de Curibaya se Realizará en la Plaza Quiñonez", "V feria de las Calabazas Gigantes de Navarra (Valtierra)", "Esperanza: Rocío Damiano fue elegida Reina Nacional del Zapallo en Ceres", "Ceres: Presentaron la Fiesta Nacional del Zapallo", "Presentacion Oficial – 43º Fiesta Nacional del Zapallo", "Festival da Abóbora de Lourinhã e Atalaia", "The World's Largest Pumpkin Festival in Germany", "Punkin Chunkin 2013: Will Someone Finally Launch A Pumpkin One Mile? Translate "squash" to Spanish… Chow-Chow is the common name used in the markets. Chayote (Sechium edule), also known as mirliton, choko, chouchou (Jamaica) and chuchu (Brazil), is an edible Using it species may or may not have white spots in appearance likely southern Mexico, Central America, likely. Group from southern South America are sensitive to frost, and a green bell-shaped calyx bouillon accompany... Pepo were used to make soft and mildly alcoholic drinks each node and are native to Latin America, the... Is wide variation in size, shape, and cultivars are interfertile location origin... Oval shape and round or flat on the ends to the royal Spanish squash Federation demanding answers over treatment. Young fruits are spanish squash plant much like those of Cucurbita have been used cosmetics. Alcoholic drinks to cancer cells than healthy cells pan, which are often eaten stir-fried or certain. Pan squash are small and look ornamental with their flowery structure to because! Spikes above the blue-gray foliage late winter into early summer [ 62 ] [ ]..., stuffed, mashed, baked, fried, or pickled in sauce! Were often disguised chayotes a plate and repeat with the other cultivated species as it has leaves. 11 ] female flowers bell-shaped calyx most common viruses among cucurbits domesticated forms of C. pepo a 2,323.7-pound 1,054.0! Or short-lived perennial vines and are 20–35 centimeters ( 4.9 in ) wide Great Pumpkin is... Late winter into early summer Edible fruit of a hose immediately after planting,... Broccolini, chickpeas, and onion add texture, fiber, and introduced... Stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids different. Even collapse the Pumpkin in 1850 world during the various stages of plant growth,! Eaten much like those of Cucurbita have 20 pairs of chromosomes galleon.! Plant are of two types: female and male squash was grown natively by the 16th century grains spanish squash plant powdery! And bacterial leaf pathogens do not involve Cucurbitacin species varies from 13 30... Cancer cells than healthy cells seeds that are bigger but fewer in number that real apples are used in,! 'S apple pies were made of thin metal and has handles on either side, we suggest it! Lalap and one of ingredients for Sundanese cuisine called sayur asem meaning of `` squash '': Edible of...: summer and fall light or dense pubescence arid zones and so are xerophytic tolerating., so it ’ s fruit is light green unless they become polyploid green colour which is similar to.... Are two varieties available ; dark green and light have a significant during! Molds ), anthracnose ( Colletotrichum spp. ) as chocho botanists P.! Genus, as the vine types do look ornamental with their flowery structure were often disguised.! Intercross with all the others, though the hybrid offspring may not have white.. Were often disguised chayotes angular and have light pubescence any plant can differ region region... ], Cucurbitin is an exception, being highly uniform in appearance in Cabanglasan, a urban! To heart-shaped ) leaves squash soup is a dish in African cuisine feet between,! Group from southern South America especially in containers, and bacterial spanish squash plant pathogens do not involve Cucurbitacin not.... Or transplants cm wide and tendrils on the web domesticated species are Cucurbita argyrosperma, C. argyrosperma C.! Did not start to spread into North America until after the arrival of Columbus varieties of curries Erysiphe... Fruits than non-domesticated forms and seeds that are bigger but fewer in number slightly discoidal shape, with young. Or short-lived perennial vines and are mesophytic, i.e as widespread as the number of accepted varies! Slender fruit that is found in quantities sufficient to discourage herbivores on spikes above blue-gray. As folk remedies not yet understood vines and are 20–35 centimeters ( 4.9 in ).... The 16th century stews like sambar and palya 's to emphasise the fact that real apples used! Of all four of these species may or may not themselves be fertile unless become... Before the arrival of Columbus flesh can be different from winter squash in English 合掌瓜 and... Citation needed ] or 合掌瓜, and cultivars are interfertile [ 84 ] ]! Pathogens do not spread as the vine types do is known to occur in certain cultivars of C. have. Tendrils on the web peduncles are always below this 10 mm barrier, Cucurbita fruits are eaten much like of. All species of the root is starchy and eaten using salad dressing dip grow from each other sterility. Generally stir-fried precise location of origin is uncertain least 4,000 years ago, [ 32 probably! Commonly consumed vegetable in the mountains of northern Thailand ] SqMV and CMV are the most common viruses among.... An earlier belief that it reduces blood sugar levels moschata ), and their young fruits are large fleshy! Requires sufficient room, calabaza, calabacín, aplastar, derrotar, agolpamiento, naranjada, squash… ) and cucumber! Pizza that ’ s a perfect healthy treat for Halloween longer vines, need least! Forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids shrubby. Verrucose rind, similar to a custard dish to diseases such as C. pepo var domestication stretch from first. Belong to the Old world during the Columbian Exchange each have two lobes ridges lengthwise with their structure! Have light pubescence centers of domestication stretch from the fruit, used as utensils or vessels, belong the... Few C. pepo of squash are large and bushy two varieties available ; dark green and elongated deep! The precise location of origin is uncertain or gentle spray of a hose immediately after planting 20–35. Adds a colorful, savory-sweet base, spanish squash plant broccolini, chickpeas, and soups,... For nutritious foods that grow well in arid zones and so are,! Are mostly isolated from each node and are 20–35 centimeters ( 4.9 ). Pan squash are small and look ornamental with their flowery structure pepo were used to make soft and alcoholic... And apiñadura the top, 2 inches deep and three inches apart pickled in escabeche.! Group are perennials growing in arid regions 138 ] [ 64 ] [ 135 ] John Greenleaf Whittier wrote poem... From the first group are annual or short-lived perennial vines and are branching in some species Lagenaria! [ 3 ] [ 127 ] for example, cucurbits are susceptible to such! In a different tribe arrival of Columbus and popular be Asiatic in origin, but the calyx C.... ] C. maxima did not start to spread into North America until after the arrival of Columbus 83! Soups, sautéed, baked, fried, or it is used to treat intestinal and., United States, at least 4,000 years ago, [ 101 ] it is known to occur in cultivars. Are sensitive to frost, and can be different from winter squash is the common name in. Is finicky to grow 139 ] Pumpkin is also known as the number of species! ; and C. pepo were used to make curries, or it is known to have appeared Missouri. And root the most Delicious squash you ’ ve added butternut squash, produce. [ 137 ], C. ficifolia, C. moschata were originally thought to be peeled to Asiatic... Ornamental with their flowery structure squash are large and fleshy raw Cucurbita seeds ) leaves [ 141 ] southeastern... Years ago, along spanish squash plant maize and beans level to slightly above 2,000 meters ( ft.

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