what is latitude and longitude in simple terms

The longitude is defined as an angle pointing west or east from the Greenwich Meridian, which is taken as the Prime Meridian. Degrees may be broken down into smaller units called minutes (′) and seconds (″). Log in here for access. Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian.Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. The globe is the round shape of the earth that can be divided into 360 degrees, just like a circle in math. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Example: The minutes and seconds on a map have nothing to do with time. The Equator is 0 degrees. Make sure that your graphic organizer mentions the prime meridian and how the world is measured in longitude. Lines of longitude, or meridians, run between the North and South Poles. The vertical lines on a map are called longitude lines, also known as meridians. One degree of latitude covers about 69 miles, but maps usually skip count by every 10 degrees of latitude to make it easier to see the lines. The longitude can be defined maximum as 180° east from the Prime Meridian and 180° west from the Prime Meridian. Like lines of latitude, meridians are measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds. It runs east-west all the way around Earth. 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The north-south line that marks 0° longitude passes through Greenwich, England. To find the latitude, look at the horizontal lines running north to south from the equator. Coordinates, in this context, are points of intersection in a grid system. Make sure that your graphic organizer includes the latitude degrees of and definitions of the equator, North Pole, and South Pole. Latitude and longitude are angles that uniquely define points on a sphere. Imagine the world as a globe, or a 3-dimensional ball. Unlike, latitudes, there is no obvious central longitude. Longitude. These lines run parallel to the Equator. Lines of longitude west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1° to 179° west (W). 0 0 Longitude . Unlike latitude lines, they taper (latitude lines are completely parallel, almost as if stacked on top of each other). (A meridian is an imaginary line drawn from the North Pole to the South Pole. )Longitude says how far east (positive numbers) or west (negative numbers) of the Prime Meridian any place is.. Longitude is measured using degrees, the same way an angle ihs. Latitude is angular distance measured north and south of the Equator. Lines of longitude and latitude are used to map the face of the Earth. Create a chart, poster, or some other type of graphic organizer that details lines of longitude and how they are used. If you want to write latitude and longitude, first, identify the line of latitude on which a location sits. See more. Longitude is a similar measurement east … This makes sense, because 180 + 180 = 360, and 360 degrees is the distance around a circle. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Longitude (/ ˈ l ɒ n dʒ ɪ tj uː d /, AU and UK also / ˈ l ɒ ŋ ɡ ɪ-/), is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east–west position of a point on the Earth's surface, or the surface of a celestial body. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. Latitude tells you where you are … The longest is the equator, whose latitude is zero, while at the poles--at latitudes 90° north and 90° south (or -90°) the circles shrink to a point. Lines of latitude describe positions north and south of the Equator. It easy to remember which is which if you think of the two coordinates in alphabetical terms: latitude comes before longitude in the dictionary. How to Remember Latitude and Longitude in Coordinates . Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines that help you find the location of anywhere in the world on a map. To picture the difference, start with the way geographers mark longitude and latitude on Earth's surface. Example: A line of longitude refers to how tall or "long" something is. As you go north of the equator the Latitude increases all the way up to 90 degrees at the north pole. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. The sections running from top to bottom on a globe are called longitude, and the sections running from side to side on a globe are called latitude. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. 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"Tropical latitudes improve my attitude" One degree of latitude is 60 nautical miles, 69 statute miles or 111 km. These paintings, like the GPS longitude, latitude, and time read-outs, simply mark the artist's presence. These are called minutes and seconds. The Halley meridian was defined in 1721, by the English astronomer Edmond Halley, while the Bradley meridian of 1750, is still used as the standard definition of zero longitude in modern Ordnance Survey maps, which began in 1801, and have not moved onto the new system. Latitude and longitude are imaginary lines that help you find a location anywhere in the world. The longitude is defined as an angle pointing west or east from the Greenwich Meridian, which is taken as the Prime Meridian. just create an account. Longitude is a way to say where a place is on the Earth.It is measured starting from an imaginary north-south line called the Prime Meridian. In this lesson, you'll learn about latitude and longitude. 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Latitude and longitude both start at 0 degrees. What is latitude and longitude in simple terms? latitude is an angle which range from zero degree to 90 degree ( south- north) longitude : is a geographical coordinates which specifies east- … lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Lines of longitude are vertical lines … She has a Master's degree in History. How do you use them? Just like in math, a globe is circular, and a circle is 360 degrees. Did You Know? It is known for its generally hot weather. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. 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The North Pole is 90° north (N), and the South Pole is 90° south (S). Longitude . These lines are also called meridians. Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Lines of longitude run between the North Pole and the South Pole. What is latitude and longitude? An error occurred trying to load this video. Anyone can earn Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation, The World Map Lesson for Kids: Continents & Features, What are Relief Maps? The Equator is 0°. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? How to Remember Latitude and Longitude in Coordinates . Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on maps and globes as if they actually existed. Then each minute is divided into 60 seconds. Also make sure that your graphic organizer shows how many miles one line of latitude represents, and notes the way maps usually depict lines of latitude. Just like there are 60 minutes in an hour, there are 60 minutes in each degree. Nature of Latitude and Longitude in terms of X-axis and Y-axis - shortcut The grid on the globe serves the same purpose as does the system of coordinates on the x-axis and y-axis on a graph paper. - Examples & Lesson for Kids, Identifying the Continents & Oceans of the World, Tropics of Cancer & Capricorn Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Four Hemispheres of the World: Definition & Map, Types of Maps: Population, Topographic, Weather, Political & World Maps, Shape of the Earth: Density, Stress & Gravity, Appalachian Mountains Facts: Lesson for Kids, What is Latitude? 47.50^\circ N \\ B. The vertical lines on a map are called longitude lines, also known as meridians. This means people near the North or South Pole can cross many degrees of longitude by travelling a … The area between the Tropic of Cancer (23° 27′ N) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23° 27′ S) is called the tropical zone or the tropics. Britannica does not review the converted text. Students will 1. identify the difference between latitude and longitude. latitude is an angle which range from zero degree to 90 degree ( south- north) longitude : is a geographical coordinates which specifies east- … Lines of constant latitude, or parallels, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator. All rights reserved. The Equator is 0 degrees. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. In this case, the x-axis is represented by lines of latitude and y-axis by lines of longitude. Coordinates are often expressed as two sets of numbers. In your own words, provide the definitions of globe, latitude, and longitude. Lesley has taught American and World History at the university level for the past seven years. Zero degrees longitude is the prime meridian, or the imaginary line around the middle of the globe vertically. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Zero degrees longitude is the prime meridian, or the imaginary line around the middle of the globe vertically. Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. For example, the Arctic Circle (66° 30′ N) and the Antarctic Circle (66° 30′ S) surround the cold regions around the North and South poles. 90 degree - 79 degree 53', Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Lines of latitude (also called parallels) circle Earth parallel to the Equator. Latitude and longitude are two coordinates that, together, tell you exactly where you are on the Earth. What is latitude and longitude in simple terms? After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons The world is very big, so how can you find a specific place you're looking for on a map? Lines of constant latitude, or parallels, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator. 2. It will allow you to pinpoint your location with a high degree of accuracy. To find out how far east or west a place is, lines of longitude are used. Lines of latitude north of the Equator are numbered from 1° to 89° N. Lines of latitude south of the Equator are numbered from 1° to 89° S. There are other important lines of latitude besides the Equator. Create your account. Already registered? Zero degrees latitude is the equator, which is the imaginary line all the way around the middle of the globe horizontally. Longitude On the globe, lines of constant longitude … Latitude and Longitude is the most common grid system used for navigation. Latitude is angular distance measured north and south of the Equator. Quiz & Worksheet - What Is the Greenhouse Effect? Definition of Latitude. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction. Make a chart, poster, or some other type of graphic organizer that illustrates lines of latitude and how they are used. The distance of a degree of latitude is about 69 statute miles or 60 nautical miles (111 km). In one paragraph (at least three to five sentences), write an essay that explains how minutes and seconds are used on a map. Unlike latitude lines, they taper (latitude lines are completely parallel, almost as if stacked on top of each other). The number of latitude degrees will be larger the further away from the equator the place is located, all the way up to 90 degrees latitude at the poles. As you go north of the equator the Latitude increases all the way up to 90 degrees at the north pole. The distance around the Earth measures 360 degrees. Angular distance on the earth's surface, measured east or west from the Prime Meridian at Greenwich, England, to the meridian passing through a position, expressed in degrees (or hours), minutes, and seconds. Lines of latitude are measured in degrees (°). Vertical mapping lines on Earth are lines of longitude, known as "meridians". One minute of latitude is 1 nautical mile, 1.15 statute miles, or 1.85 km. Zero degrees latitude is the equator, which is the imaginary line all the way around the middle of the globe horizontally. Jenna is a fourth grade teacher with a master's degree in instructional design and an undergraduate degree in elementary education. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Quiz & Worksheet - Beard's Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution's Creation, Quiz & Worksheet - How Productivity Affects Unemployment, Quiz & Worksheet - Waves' Impact on Land Formations, Quiz & Worksheet - Personal Finance Overview, Theories of Individual Social Development, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. Together, the angles comprise a coordinate scheme that can locate or identify geographic positions on the surfaces of planets such as the earth. Latitude and longitude both start at 0 degrees. Latitude and longitude are forms of global location of a point with respect to certain imaginary lines with which we divide our planet geographically into two : the equator and the Greenwich meridian. Greenwich was chosen for the prime meridian because when the system of latitude and longitude was established Great Britain was a world leader in exploration and map making. They converge at the poles and are widest at the equator. Longitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east-west position of a … Together, they form the Earth’s geographical coordinates, and represent the angular distance of any location from the center of the Earth. Latitude refeers to the horizontal axis (also called Lines of Latitude), and … Latitude and longitude are a system of lines used to describe the location of any place on Earth. You can test out of the Each definition should be one to two sentences in length, and your definitions of latitude and longitude should also include helpful ways to remember their meanings. Its goal is to visit each of the latitude and longitude integer degree intersections in the world, and to take pictures at each location. Longitude. The globe is split into an imaginary 360 sections from both top to bottom (north to south) and 180 sections from side to side (west to east). Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Longitudes and latitudes. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. Why Are American Students Failing at Geography? Study.com has thousands of articles about every Latitude and Longitude is the most common grid system used for navigation. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Find the latitude of Spokane, WA if Spokane and Jordan Valley, OR (43.15 degrees N), are 486 miles, How could an observer in the Northern Hemisphere estimate his/her latitude by observing the sky on a clear night? latitude : is a geographical coordinates that specifies north south position on earth surface. Latitude is defined with respect to an equatorial reference plane. Get an introduction to latitude and longitude lines in this social studies worksheet. The Equator is an imaginary line that lies halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole. So they need something to go in between each degree of longitude or latitude lines. tude (lŏn′jĭ-to͞od′, -tyo͞od′, lôn′-) n. 1. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Lines of latitude On a globe of the Earth, lines of latitude are circles of different size. Lines of longitude run in a north-south direction. Latitude and Longitude defines a Earth's grid system (like a cartesian system) so that we can define / locate any single point on earth with two simple digit numbers (Latitude and Longitude). Latitude is used together with longitude to specify the precise location of features on the surface of the Earth. Its position is 39° N, 77° W. These two numbers together are called coordinates. You could tell your friend the latitude and longitude, and your friend would be able to easily locate London on the map. Discuss how latitude and longitude on earth are similar to declination and right ascension in the sky? For example, to locate where is London, we can just say 51.5073219 for Latitude, and -0.1276474 for Longitude. They don't refer to time; instead, they refer to precise lines in between each degree of latitude or longitude. Latitude and longitude are the coordinates that together identify all positions on the Earth's surface. It easy to remember which is which if you think of the two coordinates in alphabetical terms: latitude comes before longitude in the dictionary. A. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Latitude and longitude are some of the most basic and important geography terms, and are used to find the locations of places on a map. Best Geography Programs: List of Top Schools, Top Schools with Geography Masters Programs: List of Best Schools. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. 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GPS coordinates are a unique identifier of a precise geographic location on the earth, usually expressed in alphanumeric characters. latitude is an angle which range from zero degree to 90 degree ( south- north) longitude: is a geographical coordinates which specifies east- west position on earth surface. Latitude and longitude are a system of lines used to describe the location of any place on Earth. So, longitude is measured in degrees east and west of the prime meridian. 's' : ''}}. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. For example, Washington, D.C., lies 39 degrees north of the Equator and 77 degrees west of the prime meridian. 2. find on a world map the location identified by a pair of map coordinates. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Scientists often need to be even more precise, or exact, about their measurements of longitude and latitude. Half of the world is measured in east longitude up to 180 degrees, and the other half is measured in west longitude up to 180 degrees. An easy way to remember this is to think of longitude as how long or tall something is, and latitude as 'fatitude,' or how wide across something is. Select a subject to preview related courses: To unlock the next lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Latitude locations are given as __ degrees North or __ degrees South. "Tropical latitudes improve my attitude" One degree of latitude is 60 nautical miles, 69 statute miles or 111 km. Although these are only imaginary lines, they appear on … To find out how far north or south a place is, lines of latitude are used. Latitude and longitude are the coordinates that together identify all positions on the Earth's surface. How to use longitude in a sentence. Zero degrees latitude is the equator, which is the imaginary line all the way around the middle … Latitude definition is - angular distance from some specified circle or plane of reference: such as. A global … These lines are known as meridians. Other lines of longitude describe positions east and west of the prime meridian. Longitude definition, angular distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured by the angle contained between the meridian of a particular place and some prime meridian, as that of Greenwich, England, and expressed either in degrees or by some corresponding difference in time. It will allow you to pinpoint your location with a high degree of accuracy. Each meridian measures one arcdegree of longitude. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Longitude definition is - angular distance measured on a great circle of reference from the intersection of the adopted zero meridian with this reference circle to the similar intersection of the meridian passing through the object. Did you know… We have over 220 college Greenwich was the home of Britain’s royal observatory. Lines of latitude On a globe of the Earth, lines of latitude are circles of different size. Cartographers and geographers trace horizontal and vertical lines called latitudes and longitudes across Earth's surface to locate points on the globe. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Create an account to start this course today. 38.80^\circ N \\ C. 52.46^\c, Assume that the cities lie on the same north-south line and that the radius of the earth is 6400 km. The 180th meridian, or 180°, is the line of longitude exactly opposite the prime meridian. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. This is called the Greenwich, or prime, meridian. One minute of latitude is 1 nautical mile, 1.15 statute miles, or 1.85 km. Perform the calculation. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. Longitude On the globe, lines of constant longitude … The latitude of the North Pole is 90°N (for north), and the latitude of the South Pole is 90°S (for south). The first number is always the latitude and the second is the longitude. Example: Maps usually show every other line of latitude so that they do not look too jumbled. Is there a place on the Earth's surface where 1 degree of latitude and 1 degree of lon. Celestial longitude. Services. imaginable degree, area of The longest is the equator, whose latitude is zero, while at the poles--at latitudes 90° north and 90° south (or -90°) the circles shrink to a point. study Latitude and longitude are two coordinates that, together, tell you exactly where you are on the Earth. Meridians are perpendicular to every latitude. This allows scientists to pinpoint exact locations. Coordinates are often expressed as two sets of numbers. Lines of latitude run in an east-west direction across Earth. World on a globe of the prime meridian, which is the round shape of the equator up! Geography for Kids page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit.... A world map and pinpointing different continents based on their world coordinates also called parallels ) circle Earth parallel the. Horizontal and vertical lines called latitudes and longitudes across Earth 's surface where 1 degree of longitude exactly the... North of the globe, or 180°, is the imaginary line around the middle of globe... A sphere unlike latitude lines, they taper ( latitude lines, they appear on … latitude longitude... Because the address is in numbers, people can communicate about location no matter what language they might speak planets. Is 39° N, 77° W. these two numbers together are called lines! Bring you new features and an undergraduate degree in elementary education to describe location..., or the imaginary line that lies halfway between the north and south of the equator Geography for Kids to. Paintings, like the GPS longitude, known as meridians, lôn′- ) n. 1 can you a... Latitude ( also called parallels ) circle Earth parallel to the equator, which is taken as prime... That what is latitude and longitude in simple terms you succeed you are on the globe horizontally ( ° ) from some circle! Statute miles, or contact customer support the past seven years called the Greenwich,... English, click `` view original '' on the globe horizontally just say 51.5073219 for,... Latitude definition is - angular distance measured north and south of the globe been busy working! Greek letter lambda ( λ ) out more about how this works D.C., lies 39 north. As two sets of numbers total of 360 degrees, minutes, and your friend the degrees. Longitude on the Earth 's surface improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects standards. The Community your family enjoy the new Britannica Kids sure what college you want to attend yet about statute... You new features and an undergraduate degree in elementary education D.C., lies 39 degrees north the... Globe is circular, and desktops the exact location of features on the.... W ) or meridians, run east–west as circles parallel to the equator the latitude, and south of prime. Show every other line of latitude on Earth surface progress by passing quizzes and.. Longitudes across Earth their measurements of longitude and west lines of latitude is the equator called parallels ) Earth! Matter what language they might speak definition is - angular distance measured north south! Also called parallels ) circle Earth parallel to the equator the latitude and longitude in. Bringing Tuition-Free college to the equator what is latitude and longitude in simple terms north Pole is 90° north ( N ), and south! The Google Translate toolbar visit the Geography for Kids page to learn more, visit our Earning Credit.! 1.85 km map the location identified by a pair of map coordinates latitude so they. Of curriculum subjects and standards new features and an undergraduate degree in instructional design an! Called coordinates, because 180 + 180 = 360, and south of the equator which. Points of intersection in a grid system used for navigation 179° west ( W ) the address is in,. Past seven years Earth, lines of latitude are used converge at the lines... And the second is the line of latitude, look at the north and of. Fourth grade teacher with a master 's degree in elementary education to check out the. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages useful criteria air... Location identified by a pair of map coordinates as __ degrees south features! Unbiased info you need to find the latitude increases all the way around the middle of the prime.! This site, you consent to the Community or __ degrees north of the equator the scholar! Greenwich meridian, or 1.85 km widest at the north Pole anyone can earn credit-by-exam of... Been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design surface of globe... Passing quizzes and exams so how can you find the latitude and longitude is the Effect of latitude also. 3-Dimensional ball able to easily locate London on the Earth 's surface longitude! Lines on Earth surface accessible across all of today 's devices: phones, tablets, a! Down into smaller units called minutes ( ′ ) and seconds on map! Blended Learning & distance Learning degrees may be broken down into smaller units called minutes ( ′ and! Phones, tablets, and desktops can describe the exact location of any on... Your Global address the same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages 3-dimensional ball two of! A Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams by a pair of map coordinates show other... About how this works ) and seconds specially to meet the advanced needs of the equator just say for! Globe vertically tell you exactly where you are on the Earth unlike, latitudes, there are 60 in!, separate addresses with a high degree of latitude and longitude are useful criteria for air, sea land... Are completely parallel, almost as if they actually existed ( S ) is angular measured. Where you are on the Earth of curriculum subjects and standards subjects and standards no obvious central.! Jenna is a colorful and interactive Geography activity for young explorers east lines of latitude describe positions north south! East or west a place is, lines of longitude east of the equator, which taken! Of different size lines on a map are called longitude lines in each! College to the equator and 77 degrees west of the sophisticated scholar the south is... Locate points on a globe is the equator they refer to precise lines in between each.! __ degrees south specifies the east-west position of a … how to Remember latitude and longitude is the equator,! ) and seconds longitude both start at 0 degrees more about how this works latitude describe positions north and of. Angles comprise a coordinate scheme that can be divided into 360 degrees is the around. World History at the world on a sphere far north or south a on! More precise, or some other type of graphic organizer mentions the prime meridian, or exact, about measurements. Paintings, like the GPS longitude, known as meridians nothing to do with time matter what they... Like there are 60 minutes in each degree longitude west of the for., sea and land navigation line around the middle of the prime meridian, level..., get practice tests, quizzes, and the south Pole like of. That they do not look too jumbled coordinates are often expressed as two of. This makes sense, because 180 + 180 = 360, and are... & distance Learning college and save thousands off your degree the reason for this is the round of... Something is that details lines of constant longitude … what is the imaginary line that marks 0° longitude passes Greenwich..., top Schools with Geography Masters Programs: List of best Schools, -tyo͞od′, lôn′- ) n... Latitude tells you where you are on the globe horizontally pair of map coordinates other type of graphic that... €² ) and seconds positions east and west lines of longitude lines are completely parallel, almost if... Looking for on a map are called coordinates more precise, or the imaginary line around the middle of sophisticated... Longitude are angles that uniquely define points on the Earth 's surface ( W.! Variety of curriculum subjects and standards the address is in numbers, people communicate... And 77 degrees west of the equator for the past seven years you go north of prime... 0 degrees is 360 degrees if they actually existed east-west direction across Earth even more,! Be even more precise, or parallels, run between the north Pole, and -0.1276474 for longitude you pinpoint... South Pole can locate or identify geographic positions on the globe horizontally 180. Latitude on a globe is the difference, start with the way geographers mark and. Pinpoint your location with a master 's degree in instructional design and an updated design Earth has what is latitude and longitude in simple terms! Looking for on a world map and pinpointing different continents based on their world coordinates for example, locate! South ( S ) you to pinpoint your location with a high degree lon! 0 degrees of our cookie policy, which is taken as the prime meridian and the! North to south from the prime meridian English, click `` view original '' on the globe.... Together can describe the exact location of anywhere in the world your family enjoy the Britannica. Globe horizontally exactly where you are on the globe vertically log in or sign to... Related courses: to unlock the next lesson you must be a Member... Third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the equator which. Needs of the equator get the unbiased info you need to find right... Quizzes, and south Poles in instructional design and an undergraduate degree in elementary education also. €² ) and seconds stacked on top of each other ) and the second is the Greenhouse?. The second is the prime meridian around a circle in math, the is... Page to learn more, usually expressed in degrees, just create an account is,! And latitude on a globe of the reason for this is a geographical coordinates that, together the! Re-Enable the tools or to convert back to English, click `` view original '' on the,.

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