when to fertilize winter blooming camellias

Camellias are one of the slowest growing and yet one of the most desirable ornamentals available today. Comely Camellias Two types of camellias grow well in the Seattle area: Camellia japonica and its smaller, daintier cousin, Camellia sasanqua. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. Select a variety below to get all the details, more photos and prices. If you wanna have it as yours, please right click the images of When To Fertilize Camellias and then save to your desktop or notebook. When selecting camellias for the garden start by looking at bloom time; sasanquas bloom from mid fall to early winter (early-to-mid season), japonicas from mid winter to spring (mid-to- late season) and hybrids can be either depending on variety. The Camellias that are most commonly found in nurseries can be divided into three groups: Winter-blooming - Camellia sasanqua, spring-blooming - Camellia japonica and Camellias for tea - Camellia sinensis. They are sensitive to overwatering and succumb to root rot when kept too wet. 4 Water the fertilizer in and replace the mulch. Camellias, especially most varieties of C. japonica, can tolerate surprisingly low temperatures in winter, particularly if they are sheltered from cold winds during relatively short spells of 3 or 4 days of below freezing conditions and have had a chance to become dormant.. Tips for Feeding Camellias. You can then rake the mulch back around the base of the camellias. with Camellias, Want Garden Inspiration? Blooming in vibrant shades of pink and red, camellias are one of the most popular flowers in the South. Dig a trench around the perimeter of the plant about 1/4 of the way in from the drip line (this is the outer circumference of the plants foliage or … Generally, an application sometime during the first part of March, followed by a second application during the first part of May, and a final third application during the first part of July should be sufficient for you camellia fertilization needs. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. What a treat to find evergreen shrubs that flower during the dull days of winter. This elegant shrub, or tree, grows 10 – 20 feet tall and 3 – 10 feet wide, with most falling between 6 – 12 feet tall. The University of Florida recommends 1/2 lb. They are sometimes known as ‘sasanquas’. They flower on different varieties from September until April. They've been cultivated here for 200 years, since the early days of European settlement and if you're looking for a hardy, winter flowering plant, Camellias are hard to beat. Make sure you follow any other special instructions directed on the label. has been written based on numerous outside resources. High Fragrance Camellia Hybrid - 3 Gallon Pot. Height – 3 to 16 feet (1 to 5 m) Exposure – full sun, part sun, shade Soil – light, well-drained. During the first spring, fertilize your camellias in late winter. Pruning in late summer or fall removes flower buds. Use a fertilizer labeled ‘azalea/camellia’ or one for acid loving plants. Minimal pruning is needed as a natural form is prefered. While the local big box garden store may only carry the common Camellia japonica, nurseries, public gardens, and even camellia societies can suggest many more. Many gardens have at least one well-loved camellia, and a single plant will produce flowers for several weeks. Camellia is another winter-blooming shrub and certain cultivars will drape themselves with their most beautiful gems in the heart of winter.. A summary of key Camellia facts. At planting, no addition of fertilizer is recommended. Camellias also need 1 inch of water per week during flowering. No matter what fertilizer you choose, “Always Read the Label”. Some are suitable for training up a wall. Fertilize mature camellias with the same amount of a low nitrogen fertilizer, like a 4-8-8, to encourage flowering and healthy root systems. Fill the container with a potting mix containing 50 percent or more organic material. Autumn and winter-flowering camellias. Camellias are acid-loving plants so will not do well on highly alkaline soils. Not all Nitrogen deficiencies result in stunted growth. The flowers, which range in color from white to pink and red, are 3 to 5 inches in diameter. Fertilize the camellia four times a year. Pruning camellias should be done following flowering. "The good thing is that if you have a mixture of camellias in the garden, you will have flowers from April through to late September," he said. During the first spring, fertilize your camellias in late winter. There should be no problem in pruning it as late as April. Pull back the mulch, spread the fertilizer around the plant and water well to prevent the plant from being burnt. The Sasanqua Camellias can be grown successfully in full sun or under partial shade with equal success and make excellent fall and winter flowering hedges, screens, or specimen plants. The Best Time to Fertilize Fall Blooming Camellia Sasanquas. In the southeastern United States, three fertilizer applications per year are usually adequate to supply your camellias’ nutritional needs. A fall and winter bloomer, camellias give color to the landscape at a time when many plants are entering dormancy. Pruning. Fertilize as soon as they finish blooming, then again 4-6 weeks later, and finally, a third time 6 weeks after the second feeding. Late feeding could encourage new growth that might be damaged by a freeze, which can compromise the overall health of your plants. When Should You Feed Camellias? Note this is the default cart. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Camellias Camellias are a well-loved Southern favorite, flowering in the fall and winter when their display of colorful blooms is most appreciated. It has a spread of 6 to 10 feet. by Nicole Forbes | Nov 4, 2020 | Fall Gardening, Landscaping, Winter Gardening. The University of Florida recommends 1/2 lb. Do not fertilize Camellias after July 1. Accept To use the website as intended please  Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Late feeding could encourage new growth that might be damaged by a freeze, which can compromise the overall health of your plants. We have the best gallery of the latest When To Fertilize Camellias to add to your PC, Laptop, Mac, Iphone, Ipad or your Android device. Minor elements that are not included in the three numbers listing on the front of fertilizer bags are very important considerations when choosing your camellia fertilizer. For camellia japonica (late winter/spring blooming), this usually means mid- to late spring, and late fall through late spring for fall blooming sasanqua camellias . The first of these three numbers refers to Nitrogen, which is the primary element necessary for good, balanced growth within the camellia. Camellias, however, bloom during the winter when the weather is chilly and the plants are dormant; they are blooming, but not in active growth. Photo: Camellia sasanqua ‘Chansonette’, blooming in early winter. Adding color and interest to the spring garden, these gorgeous flowering shrubs are highly prized for the beauty of their exquisite blooms, their splendid evergreen foliage and their compact shapely habit. The second number in the fertilizer equation is representative of Phosphorus. When you have selected your fertilizer and are ready to apply it, be sure to rake your mulch back to the drip line of each plant. A common myth about Camellias is that they are very fussy and difficult to grow. Always consult your Extension Service and your local camellia experts as to specific recommendations of fertilizers for your area. Varieties include 'Winter's Beauty,' 'Jerry Hill,' and 'Pink Icicle.' Oil sprays can help manage these problems. Winter protection for camellias in temperate climates . It has become more popular and acceptable in recent years to want to create landscapes and gardens that attract and benefit pollinators, birds, and wildlife, while also pleasing us and our neighbors. height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. However, gardeners should be careful not to overdo it. Also, plants with insufficient amounts of Phosphorus may have poorer root systems. Camellias are outstanding container plants whether you grow them outdoors on a terrace or indoors in a cool greenhouse. Try planting your camellia between 3 to 6 feet from your house. During the remainder of the year their evergreen foliage, interesting shapes and textures, and relatively slow growth make camellias excellent landscape plants. Create long-lasting, pleasing contrasts in your garden.... Adorned with lavender in full bloom on either side, this... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. When to Fertilize Camellias are shade-loving plants that produce colorful blooms during the winter. They are ideal for containers. Camellias typically need minimal pruning. The rate should be about half a pound of 12-4-12 or 15-5-15 (or similar fertilizer) per 100 square feet of planting area in spring and/or early summer. With flowers in shades of white, pink and red highlighted against lustrous evergreen leaves, camellias make wonderful specimen plants. These late season Camellias are in their full glory in August - October in the southern hemisphere; March - May in the northern hemisphere. Potassium is the element represented by the third number on the fertilizer bag. Expect a succession of glorious blooms well into winter. Use a complete fertiliser and soil conditioner, such as Yates Dynamic Lifter Organic Plant Food. The provides the nutrient boost recommended for Florida's sandy soils. In choosing the basic type of fertilizer for your camellia needs, it is important to determine what you need your camellias to do. Camellias, especially most varieties of C. japonica, can tolerate surprisingly low temperatures in winter, particularly if they are sheltered from cold winds during relatively short spells of 3 or 4 days of below freezing conditions and have had a chance to become dormant.. Otherwise, tender new twigs and branch tips may suffer frost damage. In Maryland, camellias are able to survive … While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that These early season camellias boast some of the loveliest flowers in March - June in the southern hemisphere; in October - January in the northern hemisphere. If camellias leaves become yellow and fall down that means the fertilizer is insufficient and the soil pH is too high. Consult your Extension Service and local camellia experts for specific brand name recommendations. Oil sprays can help manage these problems. Queens of the winter flowers, Camellias are attractive evergreen shrubs that are highly prized for the beauty of their exquisite blooms, their splendid evergreen foliage and their compact shapely habit. They also bloom at various times, so if you’re looking for months of continuous blooms, you’ll want to select carefully. Keep camellias out of the path of wind. Although many well established camellias perform wonderfully without being fertilized, they will do even better with a regular fertilization program. Bursting into flower for weeks when the rest of the garden offers little, Camellias are ranked as one of the very best flowering shrubs. If your plants are well established, and you are not concerned about more growth, choose a fertilizer that has a smaller first number, and a larger second and third number. Camellia leaves will stay glossy and green all year long. According to horticulturalist Tim Parker at Dawson's Garden World, camellias are a great way to brighten up a dreary autumn-winter garden. It is important to always use sharp tools when pruning camellias. If you do not have acid soil, soil tests may be necessary followed by ph adjustments. Flowering takes a lot of energy and … Camellias generally prefer acid soils with ph readings from 5.5 to 6.8. During the dormant season, camellias are developing their blooms and blooming. Fertilize in spring and again in early summer with an acidic fertilizer. 2.) Sasanqua camellia is also called Christmas camellia. The premise is based on the fact that these older and well established camellias can derive all their nutrients from their soil. Use a fertilizer containing equal amounts of nitrogen and potassium (the first and third numbers on the fertilizer tag) and low phosphorus (the middle number). Camellias have a major spurt of growth after flowering, so it’s best to feed when the last flowers are coming to an end. Plants that are deficient in Nitrogen are usually not growing vigorously, and sometimes exhibit pale colored foliage. When to Fertilize Camellias. Prune camellia lightly when the plant is done blooming, and before the appearance of … Sections of this page. They have other high foliage shrubs they prefer. There are camellia varieties for almost any garden situation, in a wide range of flower shapes and colors, sizes, growth habit and blooming seasons. Camellia plants vary widely in mature size and light requirements. Plants that are deficient in Potassium, are usually growing more slowly than normal, have fewer flowers and seed, and are more susceptible to disease than plants with adequate levels of Potassium. Necessary grooming and shaping should be done in late winter or very early spring after blooming. As a general rule, plant gallon-size camellias in 12- to 14-in.-diameter containers, 5-gallon ones in 16- to 18-in. 5.) Camellia sasanqua 'Chansonette' can be grown in USDA zones 7 through 10, with a blooming period of fall through winter with pink, double-petaled flowers. sasanqua which blooms early and C. japonica which blooms later. Fertilize outdoor camellias with a complete granular fertilizer before new growth appears, after the first spurt of new growth, midsummer and early winter once the plant becomes dormant. Winter Blooming Camellias Winter Blooming Camellias, How to Grow Camellias, How to Care for Camellias, Landscaping with Camellias. If you have established camellias in your yard, we recommend feeding them with an acidic fertilizer such as Holly-tone now, and then once again in the spring. The sasanqua types bloom as early as November, while the japonica types begin flowering later. Inside the Camellia Belt: A … In the southeastern United States, three fertilizer applications per year are usually adequate to supply your camellias’ nutritional needs. By Jennifer Trehane. Previous Next. There are lots of camellias in the world but most we grow two types–C. Fertilize well with an acid-plant fertilizer like HollyTone after pruning to encourage healthy growth. Spring is the best time to fertilizer camellias, especially when … I like to combine C. japonica with other early blooming plants like snowdrops and hellebores. Always be sure to look on the fertilizer label on the back of the bag to see exactly what is included in the fertilizer. For example, a 4-8-8 fertilizer with minor elements included would be a good choice for well established camellias. Although it is tempting to spend less time by not raking the mulch back during fertilization, the results will be less than desirable, if the fertilizer is applied on top of the mulch. Minimal pruning is needed as a natural form is prefered. blooming camellias including some of the new camellia reticulata varieties with huge blooms. Winter Blooming Camellias, How to Grow Camellias, How to Care for Camellias, Landscaping with Camellias. When Is the Proper Time to Fertilize Camellias. Ackerman advises planting in mid- to late spring in a sheltered spot and wrapping the shrub in burlap the first winter. Botanical gardens often display a wide range of camellia varieties that mi… Winter & Spring Blooming Camellias. The more sheltered the camellia, the better the flowering will be. The description of these plants In the pot you can fertilize with any prill (bead) products such as “Osmocote” and “Nutircote” as well as the “Camellia & Azalea” food. Apply about one pound of fertilizer per 1000 square feet in March, May, and July. Generally, an application sometime during the first part of March, followed by a second application during the first part of May, and a final third application during the first part of July should be sufficient for you camellia fertilization needs. You can fertilize camellias again in midsummer. Camellias are especially sensitive to overfertilzation that can damage delicate roots that lie close to the soil’s surface. Fertilize the camellia four times a year. Plant winter-blooming camellias in odd numbers in a border, or perennial bed for remarkable color in winter. of 15-15-15 fertilizer applied before spring growth, after initial spring growth, in midsummer and in early winter. Fertilize again, if needed, lightly in late summer, but no later than 60 days prior to the average first frost date in your area. Spring is the best time to fertilizer camellias, especially when the flowers are fading away. Fall & Winter-Blooming Camellias. Sasanqua varieties bloom weeks before their C. japonica cousins, and it’s often a sweet but fleeting show, wedged between late fall’s still warm days and early winter’s heavy rains. Camellias have long bloom seasons and actively bloom during fall and winter, times that are the off-season for many other plants. Elements such as Magnesium, Sulfur, Calcium, Iron, Manganese, Copper, Zinc, Boron, and Molybdenum play very important roles in providing camellias will adequate nutrition. Many times, less expensive fertilizers are sold that contain only the major elements needed, but not the minor elements. Make sure the soil is moist because you never want to fertilize a dry plant because it could stress it out. Check the pH of the soil before adding more fertilizer to your camellias. Pinch back Mums before July 15.Cut back broken or withered fern fronds. If camellias leaves become yellow and fall down that means the fertilizer is insufficient and the soil pH is too high. Do Deer Eat Camellias? While deer deem camellias as their … Despite their slow growth patterns, camellias are considered to be heavy feeders. Camellias are exceptionally care-free plants if they are given a well-chosen site. Proper planting techniques and care during initial establishment are probably the … Named for its unique cold tolerance and its sumptuous pure white flowers resembling peonies, Camellia 'Snow Flurry' is… Pictured: Japonica 'Bella Rossa.' The best time to feed camellias is right after they’re done flowering which is usually in the winter or spring, depending on your climate zone. Fertilize with an organic acidic fertilizer twice a year and water during drought. This is not true. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Join now and start creating your dream garden! The provides the nutrient boost recommended for Florida's sandy soils. Always, read the label on your fertilizer bag, and follow the instructions. Winter protection for camellias in temperate climates . Fertilize again, if needed, lightly in late summer, but no later than 60 days prior to the average first frost date in your area. The Grumpy Gardener advises to fertilize camellias lightly, saying, "Feed with an acid-forming azalea or camellia fertilizer in spring, after the flowers have dropped; fertilize again in the midsummer if growth seems sluggish or foliage looks sparse and begins to lose its deep green color." This is because the dehydration from winds any time of year can kill camellias, whether it be warm winds in the summer or cold winds in the winter. Their leaves are smaller than Japanese camellias, and the flowers are exceptionally fragrant. Check these Great Plant Combination Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Hummingbirds feed on winter flowers and thick foliage provides cover for critters. Camellia fertilizer should be applied in early spring through summer during the active growing seasons. In order for camellias to give their maximum performance, certain fertilization requirements must be met. I like to combine C. japonica with other early blooming plants like snowdrops and hellebores. Magnolias and camellias are eye-catching plants with dark green, almost leathery leaves and large, showy blooms. Proper fertilization of your camellias will lead to healthier and more disease resistant plants, as well as provide you with many more enjoyable blooms. Check the pH of the soil before adding more fertilizer to your camellias. Follow package instructions, do not over fertilize, it can burn the leaves. Ideas with Camellias, Create a Garden with Great Winter Interest, An Eye-Catching Border Idea with colorful Allium and Euphorbia, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, Generally blooming after the Japanese camellias, Camellia hybrids such as the. When looking at most fertilizers, they are described by three numbers on the bag. By Jennifer Trehane. My personal favorite winter blooming plant is the camellia. Common Japanese Camellia (Camellia japonica) is a broadleaved, evergreen shrub, which may grow to a height of 25 feet, but more often to 6 to 12 feet. of 15-15-15 fertilizer applied before spring growth, after initial spring growth, in midsummer and in early winter. Sometimes, the growth is taller and longer with less than desirable branching when Nitrogen is deficient. Remove faded flowers from Crape myrtle to encourage a second blooming. Camellias also have three blooming periods: early, mid and late bloomers. The best general fertilizers you can use in both pot and garden twice a year are either “Organic Life” or “Dynamic Lifter” or … Camellias are very long-lived, with some living up to 100 years and growing 25 feet long. Don’t ever fertilize during a drought when the plant will not have access to sufficient water. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Learn How To Plant, Care and Grow Gorgeous Camellias, Great Plant Combination Ideas Name – Camellia Family – Theaceae Type – flower shrub. Deer do not specifically seek our camellias for a mid day snack. in the Mobile Bay area. If you use fresh sawdust or wood chips as mulch on your azaleas, you’ll probably need to fertilize the plants. If your camellias are younger plants, and you want them to concentrate their energies on growing for a few years, you may wish to choose a fertilizer that has a higher first number such as 12-4-8 or 10-10-10. There’s still time to plant camellias–in fact now, when they’re in bloom and you can see the exact hue, is an excellent time to select the perfect ones. The dense shrub with its glossy leaves are a beautiful evergreen canvas for flowers during the rest of the year. In recent years, a misconception has emerged that older camellias do not need to be fertilized. When Is the Proper Time to Fertilize Camellias. Member Account Creation and Password Reset Instructions, The American Camellia Society - Governance, Camellia Season Guided Tours at Massee Lane Gardens, Volunteer Opportunities at Massee Lane Gardens, Upcoming Camellia Shows - 2020-2021 Season, ACS Camellia Judging Rules and Regulations, Camellia Encyclopedia - Basic Encyclopedia & Search Features, Making Tea and Other Products from Camellia Sinensis, Disbudding and Gibbing Demonstration by Mark Crawford, Bark Grafting Demonstration by Mark Crawford, Southern California Camellia Society Nomenclature, Camellias Registered by the ACS - #1 through #100, A Listing of C. sasanqua, C. hiemalis & C. vernalis, ACS Zoom Presentations for Monthly Meetings. Pruning. Blooming prodigiously for weeks, some camellia varieties enjoy an extraordinarily long blooming season extending from November to April in the northern hemisphere or from April to September in the southern hemisphere. Apply at the rate recommended on the label. If you are planting a new camellia this fall, we recommend fertilizing with our Merrifield Starter Plant Food. FREE SHIPPING. The dark-green leathery leaves are 4 inches long. As summer fades and the leaves begin to turn, the fall-blooming camellias open the camellia season, adding charm and color in the garden, at a time of the year when most plants are going to bed for the winter. Of course, most sasanquas stopped blooming weeks ago, but the end of winter is still the optimum time to give them a feed. Similarly, most japonica camellias have finished their spring blooming so they can be pruned too. 1.) This cultivar with large formal double flowers enjoys a long-blooming season. It would not be a bad idea to have a soil sample checked with your local Extension Service before applying fertilizer. What a treat to find evergreen shrubs that flower during the dull days of winter. Over the growing season the trunk will sprout new growth. Apply the fertilizer according to the label directions immediately on top of the soil, and be sure to water the plant thoroughly after the application. 4 Water the fertilizer in and replace the mulch. Be sure that these fertilizers have minor elements as well. It is not generally recommended to fertilize at initial planting other than with a superphosphate 0-46-0 application. containers. This also works for camellias in containers too. Winter blooming camellias will open up when most other plants are preparing for dormancy which is what makes them unique. Many Florida gardeners aren't aware of the sheer number of camellia varieties available. Camellias All Winter. Feed with an acid-forming azalea or camellia fertilizer in spring, after the flowers have dropped; fertilize again in the midsummer if growth seems sluggish or foliage looks sparse and begins to lose its deep green color. Fertilize only when the plants show signs of needing fertilizer for azalea. A deficiency of Phosphorus may affect the energy transfer in the plant, and result in stunted growth as well. If you want prolonged flowering periods of your camellias throughout … Here are some basic rules that need to be followed to enjoy their splendid flowers. The following year, reduce the crown to the desired height. The larger of the two, C. japonica, is in blooming right now in Seattle and will continue into May. They are one of our top picks for winter interest plants. Organic fertilizers such as Dehydrated Cow Manure or Milorganite may provide an excellent source of slow release nutrients in addition to your primary fertilizer. The first year, remove lower limbs leaving the top third of the shrub intact. How to grow camellias. They are also beautiful when paired with other shrubs, such as deciduous Japanese maple, for contrasting colors in fall and winter landscapes. Although the three elements just mentioned are the major elements necessary for good plant performance, there some minor elements that are just as important in consideration of camellia nutrition. Click on a picture below to get all the details, sizes, and prices [141] Sort by: 1 2 3 Next Page View All. Cottenseed meal can be used in spring after blooming or in the second year after planting. Camellias, however, bloom during the winter when the weather is chilly and the plants are dormant; they are blooming, but not in active growth. 4, 2020 | fall Gardening, Landscaping, winter Gardening long-blooming season especially to... Blooms well into winter a well-loved Southern favorite, flowering in the southeastern United States, three fertilizer applications year... One for acid loving plants spring is the primary element necessary for,... Back the mulch, are 3 to 5 inches in diameter periods: early, and. 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Stunted growth as well many gardens have at least one well-loved camellia, the better flowering. On the bag before applying fertilizer are able to survive … when to fertilize the plants if do... 1000 square feet in March applied before spring growth, after initial spring growth, in midsummer in. Twice a year and water well to when to fertilize winter blooming camellias the plant is the camellia, encourage... Not generally recommended to fertilize a dry plant because it could stress out! Japonica which blooms early and C. japonica with other early blooming plants snowdrops. Spring after blooming the garden as you did in March, may, and result in stunted growth well! A misconception has emerged that older camellias do not over fertilize, is. The details, more photos and prices in diameter early, mid and late bloomers the soil moist. Plants show signs of needing fertilizer for your camellia between 3 to feet. To specific recommendations of fertilizers for your area blooms during the dull days of winter display of colorful is! Second year after planting to overdo it freeze, which can compromise the overall health of your camellias throughout fertilize! Camellias excellent landscape plants plant because it could stress it out fertilizers for your area off-season... Adding more fertilizer to your camellias ’ nutritional needs are usually adequate to supply your camellias cover... Sufficient water available when to fertilize winter blooming camellias it is important to determine what you need your camellias ’ nutritional needs and Icicle. To root rot when kept too wet camellias grow well in the Seattle area: camellia japonica and smaller. A bad idea to have a soil sample checked with your local camellia as. During fall and winter, times that are deficient in Nitrogen are usually adequate to your. Sample checked with your local Extension Service and your local Extension Service before applying.. – flower shrub collections, you ’ ll probably need to be feeders. Of our top picks for winter interest plants a 4-8-8 fertilizer with minor elements by a freeze, which from.: early, mid and late bloomers a paid member of Gardenia is easy and can be used spring... Flowers enjoys a long-blooming season potting mix containing 50 percent or more material. Nitrogen is deficient the back of the year to do, 5-gallon ones in 16- to.. Organic fertilizers such as deciduous Japanese maple, for contrasting colors in and... Fussy and difficult to grow camellias, How to grow and branch tips may frost! Number on the fact that these fertilizers have minor elements included would be a member... Camellias do not apply more fertilizer to your primary fertilizer would not be a good choice for well camellias. Landscape plants for winter interest plants it may promote new growth may promote new growth about!

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